مصطلحات و اختصارات في قطاع الإتصالات

هناك الكثير من المصطلحات و الاختصارات في قطاع الاتصالات و تهدف هذه الوثيقة لشرح المصطلحات والاختصارات الأكثر استخداماً و شيوعاً بالترتيب الأبجدي باللغة الإنجليزية، و تغطي هذه المصطلحات و الاختصارات مجال الصوت، البيانات، الطيف الترددي، منتجات الاتصالات، الخدمات، التقييس و التشريعات.

تحميل

Untitled Document

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Z #

 

A

ABC: Advanced Broadband Communications.
ABM: Asynchronous Balanced Mode (HDLC).
ACQ: All Call Query (number portability).
ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line.
AITS: Acknowledged Information Transfer Service (ITU-T).
AL: Access Line.
ANC: All Number Calling.
ANI: Automatic Number Identification (ISDN).
ANT: ADSL Network Terminator.
AP: Access Point (UPT).
ARM: Asynchronous Response Mode (HDLC).
ASOG: Access Service Ordering Guidelines.
ASP: Application Service Provider.
ASR: Access Service Request.
ATU: ADSL Transmission Unit.
ATU-C: ADSL Transmission Unit, Central.
ATU-R: ADSL Transmission Unit, Remote.

B

BA: Basic Access.
B-CDMA: Broadband Code Division Multiple Access.
BCLB: Broadband Connection-Oriented Bearer Service (ATM).
BDCS: Broadband Digital Cross-Connect System.
BDT: Telecommunication Development Bureau of the ITU.
BEX: Broadband Exchange.
BFWA: Broadband fixed Wireless Access.
B-LE: Broadband Local Exchange (B-ISDN).
BNI: Broadband Network Interface.
BNS: Broadband Network Service.
BRAS: Broadband Access Server.

C

CASE: Computer-Aided Software Engineering.
CASE: Computer-Aided System Engineering.
CASP: Communications Application Service Provider.
CAT: Carrier Access Tariff.
CCS: Hundred Call Seconds per Hours.
CD: Collision Detection (LAN).
CIT: Computer Integrated Telephony.
CL: Connectionless.
CLASS: Custom Local Area Signalling Service.
CLNP: Connectionless Network Protocol (ISO ITU-T).
CLNS: Connectionless Network Service (ISO ITU-T).
CMISE: Common Management Information Service Element (ISO).
CNA: Change of Number Announcement.
COMSE: Communication Security.
COP: Code of Practice.
CPS: Carrier Pre-Selection Service.
CS: Carrier Selection.
CSC: Common Signalling Channel.

D

D/A: Digital-to-Analog.
DA: Destination Address (LAN).
DAL: Direct Access Line.
DAS: Directory Access System.
DDI: Direct Dialling In.
DES: Data Encryption Standard.
DM: Disconnected Mode (HDLC).
DNS: Domain Name Service.
DSI: Digital Speech Interpolation.
DSL: Digital subscriber Line.
DSN: Derived Services Network.

E

EAI: Emergency Access Interface.
ECTS: Electronic Custom Telephone System.
EDC: Error Detection and Correction.
EECM: End-to-End Call Manger.
EFS: End of Frame Sequence.
ELT: Emergency Locator Transmitter.
ENS: Enhanced Network Services.
ESMTP: Extended Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
ETS: Emergency Telecommunications Services.

F

F: Frequency.
FIFO: First In/ First Out.
FRM: Functional References Model.
FRS: Frame Relay Service.
FRS: Frame Relay Switch.
FSAN: Full Service Access Network.
FSK: Frequency Shifting Sequence.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol.
FVC: Forward Voice Channel.
FWA: Fixed Wireless Access.
FX: Fixed Service.

G

GAC: Governmental Advisory Committee.
GAN: Global Area Network.
GGSN: Gateway GPRS Support Node.
GNOC: Global Network Operation Center.
GPRS: General Packet Radio Service.
GR: GPRS Register.
GRX: GPRS Roaming Exchange.
GSA: GSM System Area.
GSM: Global System for Mobile (Second-geration mobile telephony standard).
GSM MS: GSM Mobile Station.
GSMP: Global Service Management Platform.
GSN: GPRS Support Node.
GTS: Government Telecommunication System.

H

H Channel: High-Speed Channel (ISDN).
HEPnet: High-Energy Physical Network.
HES: Home Electronic System(s).
HF: High Frequency.
HFDF: High-Frequency Distribution Frame.
HiCap: High-Capacity Digital Services.
HIPERLAN: High Performance Local Area Network.
HLC: High Level Committee (ITU).
HNPA: Home Numbering Plan Area.
HSLAN: High Speed LAN.
HSPSD: High-Speed Packet Data.

I

IANA: Internet Address Naming Authority.
IBC: Integrated Broadband Communication.
IBN: Integrated Broadband Network.
IC: Interconnect.
ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.
ICD: International Code Designator (ISO).
ICI: Incoming Call Identification.
ICP: Internet Control Protocol.
ICSA: International Computer Security Association.
IDI: Initial Domain Identifier (ISO).
IDLC: Integrated Digital Loop Carrie (Telephony).
IEPG: Internet Engineering Planning Group.
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force.
IF: Intermediate Frequency.
IFL: International Frequency List.
IHL: Internet Header Length (IP).
IMN: Intelligent Mobile Network.
IMT: International Mobile Telecommunications.
IMTS: Improved Mobile Telephone Service.
INTELSAT: International Satellite Organization.
IP: Internet Protocol.
IPSec: Internet Protocol Security.
IPT: Internet Protocol Telephony.
IPv6: Internet Protocol Version6
IRSG: Internet Research Steering Group. IRTF: Internet Research Task Force. IS: Information Systems. IS: Interim Standard (ISO).
IS: Intermediate System (ISO).
ISDN: Integrated Service Digital Network.
ISN: Information Systems Network.
ISO: International Organization for Standardization.
ISOC: Internet Society.
ISP: Internet Service Provider.
IS-PBX: Integrated Services Private Branch Exchange.
IT: Information Technology.
IT&T: Information Technologies & Telecommunications.
ITSP: Internet Service Telephony Provider.
ITT&B: Information Technologies Telecommunications & Broadcasting.
ITU: International Telecommunications Union.
ITU-R: International Telecommunications Union- Radio communications.
ITU-T: International Telecommunication Union- Telecommunications.

J

JADSL: ADSL for ISDN.
JIT: Just In Time.
TC: Joint Technical Committee (EBU/ETSI and ISO/IEC).
JTCG: Joint Technical Co-ordination Group.

K

Kbps: Kilo bits per Second.
KBS: Knowledge-Based System.
KDC: Key Distribution center.
KMC: Key Management Center.
KTS: Key Telephone System.
KTU: Key Telephone Unit.

L

L1: Layer1 (Physical layer).
L2: Layer2 (data link layer).
L3: Layer3 (network layer).
LAN: Local Area Network.
LAPD: Link Access Procedure for the D-channel (ISDN).
LASS: Local Area Signalling Services.
LCN: Local Communication Network.
LCP: Link Control Protocol. LE: Local Exchange (ISDN).
LL: Leased Lines.
LLC: Low Layer Compatibility (ISDN).
LLU: Local Loop Unbundling.
LNP: Local Number Portability.
LTU: Line Termination Unit.

M

MAC: Media Access Control.
MAI: Mobile Allocation Index.
MAP: Mobile Application Part.
MBS: Mobile Broadband System.
MCC: Mobile Country Code.
MCS: Master Control System.
MCVF: Multi-Channel Voice Frequency.
MDN: Mobile Directory Number.
ME: Mobile Equipment.
MEG: Mobile Experts Group.
MIN: Mobile ID Number.
MMoIP: Multimedia Mail over IP.
MNO: Mobile Network Operator.
MNP: Mobile Number Portability.
MPC: Multi Frequency Code.
MPP: Multichannel Point-to-Point Protocol.
MS: Mobile Station.
MSC: Mobile Switching Center.
MSIN: Mobile Station Identification Number.
MSO: Mobile Switching Office.
MSRN: Mobile Station Roaming Number.
MT: Mobile Termination.
MTC: Mobile Terminated Call.

N

NA: Network Adapter.
NAP: Network Access Provider (US).
NCC: Network Control Center.
NCOP: Network Code of Practice.
NCP: Network Connection Code.
NCS: National Communications System.
NGN: Next-Generation Network.
NIC: Network Interface Card (LAN).
NID: Network Information Database.
NIS: Network Information Service.
NL: Network Layer.
NM: Network Management.
NM: Network Module.
NMP: Network Management Protocol.
NRA: National Regulatory Authority.
NSAP: Network Service Access Point.
NSP: Network Service Provider.
NT: Network Termination (ISDN).
NT: New Technology.
NXX: Network Numbering Exchange.

O

OA&M: Operation Administration & maintenance.
OLC: Optical Loop Carrier.
OMA: Open Mobile Alliance.
OME: Operator Mobile Exchange.
OSI: Open Systems Interconnection (ISO interface specification).
OSIRM: Open System Interconnection Reference Model (ISO ITU-T).

P

PAMR: Public Access Mobile Radio.
PAP: Password Authentication Protocol.
PCI: Protocol Control Information.
PCN: Personal Communications Network.
PCN: Personal Communications Numbers.
PCO: Public Call Office.
PDN: Packet Data Network.
PDN: Public Data Network.
PIN: Personal Identification Number.
PINX: Private Telecommunications Network Exchange.
PLN: Private Line Network.
PMN: Public Mobile Network.
PMR: Private Mobile Radio.
PNO: Public Mobile Operator.
PPCC: Prepaid Calling Card.
PRI: Primary Rate Interface (ISDN).
PSN: Public Switch Network.
PTN: Public Telecommunication Network.
PTO: Public Telecommunication Operator.
PTS: Public Telecommunication System.
PTT: Push-to-Talk.
PWT: Personal Wireless Telephone.

Q

Q3: Network Management Interface (ITU-T).
QC: Quality Control.
QoS: Quality of Service.

R

R&D: Research & Development.
RAN: Radio Access Network.
RAS: Remote access Server (Remote LAN).
RBBS: Residential Broadband Service.
RCC: Radio Common Carrier (US).
RD&T: Research Development and Technology.
RES: Radio Equipment and System.
RF: Radio frequencies.
RFA: Random Fixed Access.
RFH: Remote Frame Handler (ISDN).
RFI: Radio Frequency Interface.
RNC: Radio Network Controller.
RR: Radio Regulation (ITU).
RRB: Radio Regulation Board.
RTTE: Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment.
RTTE-CA: Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment Compliance Association.
RWI: Radio and Wire Integration.

S

SAC: Service Access Code.
SAPI: Service Access Point Identifier (LAPD).
SAT: SIM Application Toolkit.
SC: Standard Committee (ISO).
SDH: Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (ITU-T).
SECTEL: Secure Telephone.
SF: Single-Frequency.
SFS: Single Frequency Signalling.
SG: Study Group (ITU-T).
S-HTTP: Service Hypertext Transport Protocol.
SID: System ID Number.
SIF: Signalling Information Field.
SLU: Sub Loop Unbundling.
SLUO: Sub Loop Unbundling Operator.
SMG: Special Mobile Group.
SMR: Specialized Mobile Radio.
SN: Subscriber Number.
SN: Switching Network.
SNA: Special Network Access.
SNA: System Network Architecture.
SP: Service Provider.
SP: Signalling Point.
SPS: Signalling Protocol and Switching.
SQE: Signal Quality Error.
SRNC: Serving Radio Network Controller.
SSAP: Source Service Access Point.
SSL: Signal Station Location.
ST: Signalling Terminal.
STE: Signalling Terminal Equipment.
STFS: Standard Time and Frequency Signal.
STP: Signalling Transfer Protocol.

T

TA: Terminal Adapter (ISDN).
TB: Technical Body (ETSI).
TCAM: Telecommunications Access Method (SNA).
TCC: Telecommunications Center.
TCIF: Telecommunications Industry Forum.
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (IETF).
TCU: Telecommunications Control Unit (SNA).
TEK: Traffic Encryption Key.
TEMA: Telecommunications Equipment Manufacturers Association.
TEMS: Telecommunications Management System.
TINA: Telecommunications Information Networking Architecture.
TLS: Transport Layer Security (IETF).
TMN: Telecommunications Management Network.
TMSI: Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity.
TO: Telecommunication Operator.
TP: Transport Protocol (ISO).
TRANSEC: Transmission Security.
TRS: Telecommunications Relay Services.
TSF: Telephone Service Factor.
TSI: Transmitting Subscriber Information.
TSK: Transmission Security Key.
TSP: Telecommunications Service Priority.
TSS: Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T).
TUG: Telecommunication User Group.
TULIP: TCP and UDP over Lightweight IP.
TUNP: TCP and UDP over Nonexistent IP.

U

UA: Universal Access.
UAN: User Access Node.
UCS: Universal Communications Standards.
UCSP: Unified Communications Service Provider.
UDP: User Datagram Protocol.
UE: User Equipment.
ULF: Ultra Low Frequency.
ULL: Unbundling the LOCAL Loop.
Um: GSM Air Interface.
UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunications Services.
USP: Universal Service Provider.
UUS: User to User Signalling.

V

V/FoIP: Voice and Fax over Internet Protocol.
VDSL: Very High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line.
VF: Voice Frequency.
VLF: Very Low Frequency.
VoIP: Voice over Internet Protocol.
VPT: Village Public Telephone.
VQA: Voice Quality Assessment.
VQT: Voice Quality Testing.
VT: Virtual Terminal (ISO).

W

WACS: Wireless Access Communications System.
WAN: Wide Area Network.
WAP: Wireless Application Protocol.
WATS: Wide Area Telecommunications Service.
WB/BB: Wide Band/Broadband.
WCS: Wireless Communications Service.
WLAN: Wireless Local Area Network.
WLL: Wireless Local Loop.
WLS: wireless Location Services (signal Soft).
WM: Wireless Manger.
WTA: Wireless Telephony Application.
WWAN: Wireless Wide Area Network.

X

XID: Exchange Identification (HDLC). XMSN: Transmission.

Numerics

3G: Third Generation Mobile Services.
3GPP: Third Generation Partnership Projects.
3WC: Three Way Calling.
6BONE: Experimental IPv6 Internet Network.
802.x: Set of IEEE standards for the definition of LAN protocol.