1- What is Broadband Service?

Broadband is a high-speed method of accessing the internet, giving users faster uploads and downloads than were possible through other older technologies like dial-up connections. Broadband involves sending information via optical signals to and from your device, using copper telephone wires, glass fibers or via wireless signals.

2- What are the different types of broadband?

The broadband service you choose will depend on your needs and what's available in your area. The main options are:

A) Fixed Broadband:

  •  ADSL (Asymmetric digital subscriber line): a technology that provides broadband service through copper line.
  •  Fiber Optic: a connection medium that can provide broadband service through fiber optic cables, able to provide higher internet speed connections than ADSL.
  •  Fixed Wireless: where the service is delivered via wireless technology to a fixed location (a house or a property).
  • B) Mobile Broadband:

  •  Mobile Internet is a technology for accessing the internet via a mobile phone or a USB dongle, using mobile telecom networks (3G, 4G) rather than a fixed line networks.
  • 3- What about (WiFi)?

    WiFi is a technology for wireless local area networking, and not a broadband service by itself. Wi-Fi compatible devices like laptops and smart phones can share the connection to the internet by connecting to a wireless access point (wireless router), and this access point has to be connected to the internet through one of the broadband technologies. Such access point has a range of about 20 meters of wireless coverage. This range can be extended using Wireless Extenders.

    4- What about public WiFi hotspots?

    Wireless (or WiFi) hotspots are essentially wireless access points providing network and/or Internet access to mobile devices like your laptop or smartphone, typically in public locations. To put it more simply, they're places where you can take your laptop or other mobile device and wirelessly connect to the Internet; some devices and smartphones also act as mobile WiFi hotspots.

    5- What do we mean by "Broadband speeds"?

    When talking about broadband speeds, we are referring to how fast you can get information from the Internet to your computer or smart phone. This is known as your download speed. How fast you can send information from your computer or smart phone to the Internet is known as your upload speed. We measure broadband speeds in Mbps (Megabits per second) sometimes referred to as "Meg" e.g. 2Mbps or 2Meg.

    6- How to measure your Broadband speed?

    There are many websites and applications that can measure broadband Internet speed. However, it is important to use a website or application that is approved by the internet service provider or by the Telecom Regulatory Authority to maintain accuracy.

    7- What can affect broadband speeds?

    Broadband speeds can be affected by a number of factors including, but not limited to, the following:

  •  The length of the line from your home to your local telephone exchange (For ADSL technology)
  •  The quality of the internal wiring in your home or business, and the number of joints in the wires.
  •  The technology of your broadband router.
  •  The thickness of the wall and the material used which can affect the WiFi signal strength and the covered area of the WiFi router inside your house.
  •  The Number of applications or programs you are running on your computer or smart phone.
  •  The number of connected users to the same broadband connection simultaneously.
  •  The speed and the number of people trying to download the same information as you from the same Web site.
  •  The quality of the line e.g. degradation of your line over time may result in a reduction in the broadband speeds you receive.
  • 8- How can you improve your broadband speeds?

    Sometimes making the smallest changes can make a significant improvement on your broadband speeds. If you would like to increase your broadband speed you could try the following:

  •  If the internal wiring is old or has many joints, replace the internal wiring with new direct wiring from the line connection of the service provider.
  •  If your broadband router does not support the new WiFi standard, then upgrading it may improve the performance.
  •  If there are many users using the same broadband connection in your house, then you may need to upgrade to a higher speed package from the service provider.
  •  If connecting wirelessly to your broadband router (WiFi), try plugging your computer directly into your broadband router by a network cable to see if there's any improvement. If there is, then you could try moving the location of your WiFi router or use WiFi extender. This will help you getting a more coverage area in your house.
  •  Make sure that your wireless connection is secure. If other people are using your connection, then it will definitely slow your own broadband speed down.
  • 9- What wiring aspect should I consider when building new house?

    TRA issued the internal cabling guidelines which include the wiring standards. These guidelines represent a significant technical guide for construction engineers and consultants and owners of residential and commercial buildings. Moreover, Compliance with the Guidelines will protect users from service connection delays and the possible financial losses resulting from the re-cabling of buildings. For more information, please visit TRA website (www.tra.gov.om)