Spectrum Policy

The radio spectrum is a natural resource of significant economic, social and cultural importance to Omanis.

The telecommunications industry is developing faster than ever before due to the introduction of new advanced technology, products and services every day. The ability to communicate anything, anywhere, at anytime and by anyone is the concept which drives and steers the electronic telecommunications sector the world over.

Research teams are creating new approaches and developing new telecommunication mechanisms which will shape a higher generation of wireless networks to meet the growing needs of the nation.

Manufacturers, along with researchers as well as telecom regulators, are trying to facilitate emerging of numerous multimedia and basic applications, end-user wireless terminal which are strongly desired by business sector and public.

TRA’s broad mission in managing this evolving spectrum is to facilitate the development and use of world-class telecommunications infrastructure, technologies and services for purpose of enhancing Oman’s competitiveness, economic growth and quality of life. This is to get the maximum benefit from its use of this finite resource, both today and in the future.

Spectrum Strategy

TRA works towards two main goals in spectrum management: efficiency and effectiveness. It works to:

  • Maximise the public benefit from the radio spectrum
  • Make adequate provisions for public and community services
  • Encourage the use of efficient radio technologies
  • Support Government communications policy objectives
  • Rely on market forces to ensure economically efficient use of spectrum and to promote competition
  • Ensure maximum flexibility to respond to market forces
  • Assure frequency availability in order to deliver new telecoms techniques, equipment and services to Oman
  • Ensure domestic policies are consistent with world spectrum policies
  • Attract investment in the Omani telecoms sector

Legal Framework

The basis of radio spectrum management, its policies and regulatory frameworks comes from the Telecoms Act (2002) and the amendments issued by Royal Decree No. (30/2002).

Articles 29-37 of the Telecoms Act detail the basic rules and regulations that telecommunications operators must adhere to. For more information, please see the Legal Framework section.  Here

International Frame Work

A radio spectrum is a finite natural resource for all nations which has a fixed capacity as determined by International Telecommunications Union (ITU) resolutions and regulations.

As the number of radio communication networks increases, the more congestion of the radio spectrum usage both within national borders and internationally. Hosting more radio signals in the same band will raise the probability of harmful interference, as will careless transmission of radio signals by independent networks. 

Spectrum management, in case of long range communications in air and international waters such as aeronautical and maritime communications, is much more sensitive and complicated task compared to short range national applications. The coordination, and harmonisation, of spectrum utilisation around national borders is therefore critical.

The ITU is an organisation-member of the United Nations and was established to assist and support the harmonisation of global telecommunications activities.

On a national level, the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority is responsible for interacting with other groups and administrations through the ITU in order to tailor international telecommunications regulations for national benefit as well as tracking international trends.

As a treaty signatory, the TRA takes an active role in the ITU in order to ensure that international policies are consistent with Omani regulatory frameworks and that our interests are adequately protected.