The radio frequency (RF) spectrum is a natural resource that can be used to increase the efficiency and productivity of a nation’s work force as well as to enhance the quality of life. It is used to provide a wide variety of radiocommunication services including personal and corporate communications, radio navigation, aeronautical and maritime radio, broadcasting, public safety and distress operations and radio location.
The use of radio frequency spectrum needs to be coordinated to avoid interference problem. Two radio-communication devices operating on the same frequencies, at the same time and at the same location will produce interference to the receivers. Therefore, the radio frequency spectrum is a limited resource like land and water. It has the property of being conserved if used properly, and wasted if not. As the uses of wireless applications are wide and varied, it is crucial to ensure that the spectrum is efficiently and effectively managed to optimally benefit the society and economy.
The Spectrum Management Unit is responsible for effective allocation of spectrum and for providing licensing authority on radio frequency usage. The unit is responsible for the planning, ensuring efficient usage and international coordination. All activities associated with regulating the use of the radio spectrum including the processes for allocating, the allotting. Planning, assigning, monitoring and licensing the limited resource of radio spectrum managed by the unit